Vision guides and directs almost every motor action we do. Walking, riding a bike, catching a ball, reaching for a glass of water, reading, and writing all require vision to guide and direct hand movements, leg movements and balance. When visual coordination is poorly developed a child will often struggle with vision heavy tasks. They may struggle with reading, have poor penmanship or difficulty copying from the board. They may also appear clumsy, shy away from ball sports or have difficulty riding a bicycle.
Good coordination is required for ocular motor skills such as fixations, tracking and saccadic eye movements. Coordination is also required for the eyes to quickly and accurately, change focus when looking near and far. Binocular Vision requires both eyes to work together as a team to point at the same location in space and allow the brain to see a 3-dimensional image.
Vision is a learned experience. Every stage of development allows opportunity to develop visual skills and coordination. If milestones are missed or stages of development skipped, visual skills may not be fully developed and a child will compensate, for example, poor control of eye movements will lead to increased head movements. With Vision Therapy, we provide step-by-step, progressive exercises to allow the visual system to develop in a manner that mirrors development.
Our goal in treatment is to first, find a prescription that sets the visual system at rest and provides the opportunity for the visual system to perform as well as it can. Second, with Vision Therapy, improve visual skills and coordination until they become automatic. Once visual skills and coordination are automatic, they will stay for life (like riding a bike).